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經濟學人:一周要聞 拜登參加2020總統大選 英防長因"華為泄密"被炒 馬克龍減稅安撫"黃背心"

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The Indonesian government declared its intention to move its capital. Jakarta, with a population of 30m, is congested and polluted. Although a new location has not yet been chosen, Palangkaraya, a city of 260,000 in the Indonesian part of Borneo, is being considered.

印尼政府宣布打算遷都。擁有3000萬人口的雅加達擁擠不堪,污染嚴重。雖然新址尚未選定,不過政府正在考慮加里曼丹省擁有26萬人口的帕朗卡拉亞市。
Riots engulfed Honiara, the capital of the Solomon Islands, after parliament picked Manasseh Sogavare to serve a fourth non-consecutive term as prime minister. An opponent had secured a court order delaying the vote, but the governor-general ignored it.
在議會選舉瑪拿西·索加瓦雷第四次擔任總理后,騷亂席卷了所羅門群島首都霍尼亞拉。一位反對者獲得了推遲投票的法院命令,但總督不予理睬。
William Barr, America’s attorney-general, was grilled in Congress over his handling of the publication of the Mueller report. Mr Barr issued a summary of the report before its full publication, but two letters emerged this week from Robert Mueller criticising that summary for its lack of context.
美國司法部長威廉·巴爾(William Barr)因其對穆勒報告的處理方式在國會受到嚴厲質詢。巴爾在整篇報告發布前發表了一份摘要,但羅伯特·穆勒(Robert Mueller)本周發表了兩封信,批評這份摘要缺乏背景。

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A gunman opened fire at a synagogue near San Diego, killing a woman. The 19-year-old suspect had posted an anti-Semitic diatribe online shortly beforehand. The Anti-Defamation League recorded a big increase in the harassment of, and assaults on, Jews in America last year.

一名槍手在圣地亞哥附近的猶太教堂開槍,殺死一名女性。這名19歲的嫌疑人不久前在網上發布了反猶太的謾罵言論。反誹謗聯盟記錄顯示,去年美國對猶太人的騷擾和攻擊大幅增加。
Joe Biden said he would seek the Democratic nomination for president of the United States. He went to Pennsylvania, where he touted his working-class credentials and played down the kind of identity politics that his rivals espouse. The 76-year-old former vice-president is leading the polls at this early stage.
喬·拜登表示,他將尋求民主黨總統候選人提名。他前往賓夕法尼亞州,在那里他凸顯自身的工人階級資歷,并淡化了競爭對手宣揚的身份政治。目前,這位76歲的前副總統在民調中領先。
A court ruled that Michigan’s congressional districts had been drawn by the state legislature to favour Republicans and ordered that they be redrawn in time for the 2020 election. Several courts have ruled that partisan gerrymandering can be unconstitutional.
一家法院裁定,密歇根州的國會選區是由州立法機構為支持共和黨人而劃定的,并下令在2020年大選前重新劃分選區。幾家法院裁定,黨派間的不公正劃分選區可能違反憲法。
Spain’s ruling Socialist Party won the most seats in a general election, though it is still well short of a majority. Pedro Sánchez, the prime minister, may try to continue in office as head of a minority government, or cobble together a coalition. There are obstacles to reaching a deal with either Podemos or Ciudadanos, two possible partners. Vox, a nationalist party, entered parliament for the first time.
西班牙執政黨社會主義黨在大選中領先,但仍遠未獲得多數席位。西班牙總理佩德羅·桑切斯(Pedro Sanchez)可能會繼續擔任少數黨政府的首腦,或者組建一個聯合政府。與“Podemos”(我們可以黨)或“Ciudadanos”(公民黨)這兩個可能的合作伙伴達成協議存在障礙。民族主義政黨Vox首次進入議會。
The president of France, Emmanuel Macron, made new promises after long talks with voters. They included tax cuts, tax exemptions for bonuses and a commitment to close the elite civil-service college, ENA. The gilets jaunes protesters seemed unmollified. More than 200 arrests were made in Paris during riots on May Day.
法國總統馬克龍在與選民進行了長時間的會談后做出新的承諾。其中包括減稅、免稅津貼以及關閉國家行政學院學院ENA的承諾?;票承牡目掛檎咼撬坪躉姑揮釁驕蠶呂?。在“勞動節”騷亂期間,巴黎有200多人被逮捕。
Julian Assange was sentenced by a British court to 50 weeks in prison for jumping bail in 2012, when he took refuge in the Ecuadorean embassy in London. Mr Assange still faces extradition to America, where he has been charged in relation to the leak of a trove of classified documents by WikiLeaks, which he founded.
2012年,朱利安·阿桑奇(Julian Assange)因在保釋期逃脫被英國一家法院判處50周監禁,當時他逃至厄瓜多爾駐倫敦大使館避難。阿桑奇仍面臨被引渡到美國的風險,美國方面指控他與其創建的維基解密泄露大量機密文件有關。
Gavin Williamson was sacked as Britain’s defence secretary for leaking information from a national-security meeting that had discussed allowing Huawei to build 5G networks. Theresa May, the prime minister, dismissed him after a speedy inquiry. Mr Williamson denies the allegation and complains of a “kangaroo court”. The new defence secretary is Penny Mordaunt, who wrongly claimed during the Brexit campaign that as an eu member Britain would have no veto if Turkey tried to join the European Union.
英國國防大臣加文·威廉姆森(Gavin Williamson)因泄露國家安全會議的信息被解職,該會議曾討論允許華為建設5G網絡。經過快速調查,英國首相特蕾莎·梅(Theresa May)解雇了他。但威廉姆森否認了“袋鼠法庭”的指控和申訴。新任國防部長佩妮·莫道特曾在英國脫歐運動中有爭議地宣稱,如果土耳其加入歐盟,英國作為歐盟成員國沒有否決權。

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n. 程序,手續,步驟; 常規的做法

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