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經濟學人:一周要聞 iphone中國銷量不斷下跌 谷歌前CEO將離職 Facebook聚焦隱私愿景

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The world this week

本周要聞
Business
商業
Apple’s latest quarterly earnings were viewed positively on balance. Revenue from the iPhone continued to slow, falling by 17% in the first three months of the year compared with the same quarter in 2018; the device accounts for an ever-smaller share of Apple’s revenues. And overall sales from China, where Apple faces stiff competition, were down by a fifth. But compensating for the bad news the company’s revenues from services—apps, music-streaming and the like—grew by 16%.
蘋果最新的季度盈利總體上收到了正面的評價。iPhone營收繼續放緩,今年第一季度營收同比下降17%;這款設備在蘋果公司的收入中所占份額越來越小。蘋果公司在中國面臨著激烈的競爭,其在中國的總銷量下降了20%。不過好消息是,該公司從應用程序、音樂流媒體等服務中獲得的收入增長了16%。

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By contrast, Alphabet’s earnings were interpreted negatively. Although revenues at Google’s parent company grew by 17%, that was the slowest pace in three years. Booking its latest antitrust fine from the EU caused net income to plunge, to $6.7bn. The company also announced that Eric Schmidt, who was Google’s boss for ten years until 2011, is to step down from the board.

相比之下,Alphabet的盈利收到的評價是負面的。盡管谷歌母公司的收入增長了17%,但卻是三年來的最低增速。歐盟最新的反壟斷??畹賈賂霉揪煥蟊┑?7億美元。該公司還宣布,在2011年之前擔任谷歌老板10年的埃里克·施密特(Eric Schmidt)將辭去董事會職務。
“The future is private”
“未來是私人的”
Stung by accusations of ethical shortcomings, Facebook held a conference to discuss its new “privacy-focused vision”. It also rolled out a programme whereby research academics will gain access to user data. Facebook stressed that privacy was being protected, and that it had consulted privacy experts. If anyone had private doubts about its new-found devotion, it is also testing a “differential privacy” application. All this comes as Facebook negotiates with regulators about beefing up its oversight of privacy, which reportedly may mean it appoints a privacy tsar.
受“道德問題”的譴責,Facebook召開了一次會議,討論其新的“聚焦隱私”的社交網絡愿景。該公司還推出了一項計劃,讓科研人員能夠獲得用戶數據。Facebook強調,隱私正在受到?;?,并且已經咨詢了隱私專家。如果用戶對新建立的架構有所懷疑,公司還會測試“差異隱私”的應用。這些動作都發生在Facebook與監管機構就加強對隱私的監管進行談判之際。據報道,這可能意味著Facebook會任命一位隱私政府顧問。
Uber offered an initial price range for its forthcoming IPO of between $44 and $50 a share. That is a bit lower than had been expected, and would value the ride-hailing firm at up to $92bn when it lists (it may alter the price range).
優步為其即將進行的IPO設定了一個初始價格區間——每股44美元至50美元。這比預期價格低一些,這將使這家叫車服務公司上市時的估值達到920億美元(這可能會改變價格區間)。
In another highly anticipated stockmarket flotation, Beyond Meat priced its IPO at $25 a share, the top end of its price range. The startup is totemic of the market’s current taste for plant-based food companies.
在另一場備受期待的股票發行中,Beyond Meat將IPO定價為每股25美元,這是其價格區間的最高端。這家初創公司標志著當前市場對植物性食品公司的青睞。
Occidental appeared to have scuppered Chevron’s deal to take over Anadarko, when the latter said that it now considers Occidental’s offer to be superior. Occidental has valued the transaction at $57bn; its proposal includes a $10bn capital injection from Warren Buffett. Anadarko has huge shale assets in America’s Permian Basin, making it an attractive partner for energy firms.
雪佛龍(Chevron)收購阿納達科石油公司(Anadarko)的交易似乎被西方石油公司(Occidental)破壞了,當時阿納達科石油公司表示,現在認為西方石油公司的出價更高。西方石油公司對這筆交易的估價為570億美元;該提議包括沃倫·巴菲特(Warren Buffett)注資的100億美元。阿納達科公司在美國二疊紀盆地擁有巨大的頁巖資源,這樣的合作伙伴對各大能源公司來說極具吸引力。

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competition [kɔmpi'tiʃən]

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