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BBC紀錄片《文明》第4集 第7期:四分五裂

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It's the figure of Jesus himself.

那就是耶穌本尊的形象
And it was he who lay at the heart of early Christianity's
就是他身處早期基督教
theological battles.
神學之戰的中心
The early centuries of Christianity were not a period
早期基督教并非充滿
of peace and goodwill. Far from it.
和平和善意 而是恰恰相反
They were torn apart by religious controversy about the nature
有關耶穌本性和神圣本質的宗教爭論
and divine essence of Jesus.
讓整個教會四分五裂
There were crucial religious issues at stake.
有些關鍵性的宗教問題必須解決

四分五裂.jpg

What was the exact relationship

耶穌和上帝之間
between Jesus and God?
到底是怎樣的關系
What and where had Jesus been
在圣母瑪利亞未誕下耶穌之前
before he was born to Mary?
耶穌是誰 又在哪里
How could a perfect and indivisible God
一個完美而不可分割的上帝
give up part of himself to create a son?
如何用自己的一部分賦予兒子生命
And, so - and this was the killer question for many -
還有這個對大多數人來說致命的問題
were Jesus and God made of the same substance?
耶穌和上帝是一體的嗎
Or were they just very like each other?
還是他們只是非常相似
The mosaics here make a very strong case
這里的馬賽克為
for the divine status of Jesus,
耶穌的神圣地位提供了有力論據
as if to erode any misunderstanding
它好像能消除任何誤解
because he appears as part of a calculated scheme of images
因為他出現在一系列旨在結束爭論
designed to end the controversy,
而被精心安排的圖像中
telling the viewer exactly what to believe.
告訴觀賞者該相信什么
In perfect alignment
在一條完美的直線上
are three different aspects of Jesus.
是三個不同模樣的耶穌
The apse, there's the beardless Jesus, young,
半圓壁龕上畫的是沒有胡子的年輕耶穌
the son of God.
是上帝之子
The centre of the ceiling,
在屋頂中央
there's Jesus as the symbolic lamb of God,
耶穌表現為上帝的羔羊
the Jesus who's to be sacrificed on behalf of humanity.
是那個為了人類而獻身的耶穌形象
And, at the top of the entrance arch,
而在入口拱門的上方
there's the older, bearded,
是年老 留有胡須
all-powerful Jesus,
全能的耶穌
who's about as indistinguishable
此時他和圣父
as you could get from God the Father.
幾乎難以區分
So, there's a lesson here
所以這就是辨識耶穌形象的
in seeing Jesus.
一堂課了
And, also, particularly in that last image, a clear steer.
特別是最后一幅 明顯有所指向

重點單詞   查看全部解釋    
divine [di'vain]

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adj. 神的,神圣的
vt. 推斷

 
symbolic [sim'bɔlik]

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n. 代號 adj. 象征的,符號的

 
erode [i'rəud]

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vt. 腐蝕,侵蝕
vi. 受到侵蝕

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indistinguishable ['indis'tiŋgwiʃəbl]

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adj. 不能區別的,難區分的,不易覺察的

 
scheme [ski:m]

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n. 方案,計劃,陰謀
v. 計畫,設計,體系

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controversy ['kɔntrəvə:si]

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n. (公開的)爭論,爭議

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goodwill ['gud'wil]

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n. 善意,親切,友好; 商譽,信譽。

 
status ['steitəs]

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n. 地位,身份,情形,狀況

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calculated ['kælkjuleitid]

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adj. 計算出的;適合的;有計劃的 v. 計算;估計;

 
arch [ɑ:tʃ]

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n. 拱,拱門,拱狀物
v. 成拱形,拱起

 
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