The Master said, "The superior man holds righteousness to be of highest importance.
A man in a superior situation, having valor without righteousness, will be guilty of insubordination,
one of the lower people having valor without righteousness, will commit robbery."
Tsze-kung said, "Has the superior man his hatreds also?" The Master said, "He has his hatreds.
He hates those who proclaim the evil of others, he hates the man who, being in a low station, slanders his superiors,
He hates those who have valor merely, and are unobservant of propriety,
He hates those who are forward and determined, and, at the same time, of contracted understanding."
The Master then inquired, "Ts'ze, have you also your hatreds?"
Tsze-kung replied, "I hate those who pry out matters, and ascribe the knowledge to their wisdom,
I hate those who are only not modest, and think that they are valorous,
I hate those who make known secrets, and think that they are straightforward."
The Master said, "Of all people, girls and servants are the most difficult to behave to,
If you are familiar with them, they lose their humility, if you maintain a reserve towards them, they are discontented."
The Master said, "When a man at forty is the object of dislike, he will always continue what he is."