复式大乐透2加1多少钱:聽力提升

手機APP下載

彩票买多还是买复式好 www.zixvxa.com.cn

您現在的位置: 彩票买多还是买复式好 > 英語四級 > 英語四級閱讀 > 歷年四級閱讀真題 > 正文

2019年6月英語四級閱讀真題及答案 第1套 仔細閱讀2篇

來源:可可英語 編輯:max ?  VIP免費外教試聽課 |  可可官方微信:ikekenet

Passage One
Questions 46 to 50 are based on the following passage.

In the classic marriage vow (誓約), couples promise to stay together in sickness and in health. But a new study finds that the risk of divorce among older couples rises when the wife—not the husband— becomes seriously ill.

"Married women diagnosed with a serious health condition may find themselves struggling with the impact of their disease while also experiencing the stress of divorce," said researcher Amelia Karraker.

Karraker and co-author Kenzie Latham analyzed 20 years of data on 2,717 marriages from a study conducted by Indiana University since 1992. At the time of the first interview, at least one of the partners was over the age of 50.

The researchers examined how the onset (發生) of four serious physical illnesses affected marriages. They found that, overall, 31% of marriages ended in divorce over the period studied. The incidence of new chronic (慢性的) illness onset increased over time as well, with more husbands than wives developing serious health problems.

"We found that women are doubly vulnerable to marital break-up in the face of illness," Karraker said. "They're more likely to be widowed, and if they're the ones who become ill, they're more likely to get divorced."

While the study didn't assess why divorce is more likely when wives but not husbands become seriously ill, Karraker offers a few possible reasons. "Gender norms and social expectations about caregiving may make it more difficult for men to provide care to sick spouses," Karraker said. "And because of the imbalance in marriage markets, especially in older ages, divorced men have more choices among prospective partners than divorced women."

Given the increasing concern about health care costs for the aging population, Karraker believes policymakers should be aware of the relationship between disease and risk of divorce.

"Offering support services to spouses caring for their other halves may reduce marital stress and prevent divorce at older ages," she said. "But it's also important to recognize that the pressure to divorce may be health-related and that sick ex-wives may need additional care and services to prevent worsening health and increased health costs."

46. What can we learn about marriage vows from the passage?
A) They may not guarantee a lasting marriage.
B) They are as binding as they used to be.
C) They are not taken seriously any more.
D) They may help couples tide over hard times.

47. What did Karraker and co-author Kenzie Latham find about elderly husbands?
A) They are generally not good at taking care of themselves.
B) They can become increasingly vulnerable to serious illnesses.
C) They can develop different kinds of illnesses just like their wives.
D) They are more likely to contract serious illnesses than their wives.

48. What does Karraker say about women who fall ill?
A) They are more likely to be widowed.
B) They are more likely to get divorced.
C) They are less likely to receive good care.
D) They are less likely to bother their spouses.

49. Why is it more difficult for men to take care of their sick spouses according to Karraker?
A) They are more accustomed to receiving care.
B) They find it more important to make money for the family.
C) They think it more urgent to fulfill their social obligations.
D) They expect society to do more of the job.

50. What does Karraker think is also important?
A) Reducing marital stress on wives.
C) Providing extra care for divorced women.
B) Stabilizing old couples' relations.
D) Making men pay for their wives, health costs.

重點單詞   查看全部解釋    
contract ['kɔntrækt,kən'trækt]

想一想再看

n. 合同,契約,婚約,合約
v. 訂合同,縮

聯想記憶
additional [ə'diʃənl]

想一想再看

adj. 附加的,另外的

 
interview ['intəvju:]

想一想再看

n. 接見,會見,面試,面談
vt. 接見,采

 
incidence ['insidəns]

想一想再看

n. 發生(率), 入射

聯想記憶
guarantee [.gærən'ti:]

想一想再看

n. 保證,保證書,擔保,擔保人,抵押品
vt

 
accustomed [ə'kʌstəmd]

想一想再看

adj. 習慣了的,通常的

 
random ['rændəm]

想一想再看

adj. 隨機的,隨意的,任意的
adv. 隨

 
faulty ['fɔ:lti]

想一想再看

adj. 有錯誤的,有缺點的

 
factor ['fæktə]

想一想再看

n. 因素,因子
vt. 把 ... 因素包括

聯想記憶
social ['səuʃəl]

想一想再看

adj. 社會的,社交的
n. 社交聚會

 
?
發布評論我來說2句

    最新文章

    可可英語官方微信(微信號:ikekenet)

    每天向大家推送短小精悍的英語學習資料.

    添加方式1.掃描上方可可官方微信二維碼。
    添加方式2.搜索微信號ikekenet添加即可。