排列三复式包号多少钱:聽力提升

手機APP下載

彩票买多还是买复式好 www.zixvxa.com.cn

您現在的位置: 彩票买多还是买复式好 > SAT > SAT每日一題 > 正文

SAT官方每日一題附答案和解析[閱讀](2019年10月31日)

來源:可可英語 編輯:max ?  VIP免費外教試聽課 |  可可官方微信:ikekenet

Critical Reading>Select an Answer

Fifty years ago, Sarnoff Mednick defined the process of creative thinking as "the forming of associative elements into new combinations which either meet specific requirements or are in some way useful. The more mutually remote the elements of the new combination, the more creative the process or solution." Mednick argued that creative people have flat associative hierarchies: they are better able to access distant, remote associations. For example, when given the concept "table," Mednick predicted that creative people would be more likely to retrieve more remote associations such as "leg" or "food." In contrast, Mednick argued that less creative thinkers have a steep associative hierarchy, in which words with a higher associative strength (e.g., chair) would be more likely to enter their minds:

SAT官方每日一題附答案和解析[閱讀](2019年10月31日)

One tool that has been used recently to look at creative cognition is Latent Semantic Analysis (LSA), an objective scoring method where you can derive a measure of semantic distance. With LSA, you can quantify the similarity between words or texts based on statistical analyses of the responses of a large population.

Using this technique, Ranjani Prabhakaran, Adam Green, and Jeremy Gray found that "thin slices" of verbal behavior (single-word utterances) predicted creative cognition. In their "verb generation" task, a noun was presented every few seconds, and the participant was instructed to say the first verb that came to mind in response to the noun. The researchers analyzed the semantic distance of the responses using LSA.

They found that the greater the semantic distance of the noun-verb pairs, the higher the levels of creative cognition, story-writing ability, openness to experience, and creative achievement. Interestingly, they also found a relationship between semantic distance and traditional measures of "convergent thinking," such as IQ and working memory. This suggests that creative thinking doesn’t just involve combining distant associations, but also requires consciously accessing the associations.

It can reasonably be inferred from the passage that, compared to a person with a flat associative hierarchy, a person with a steep associative hierarchy would be more likely to __________

A.adjust quickly to unfamiliar situations.
B.demonstrate skill in narrative writing.
C.struggle to recall information.
D.become fluent in multiple languages.

重點單詞   查看全部解釋    
openness ['əupənnis]

想一想再看

n. 公開;寬闊;率真

 
population [.pɔpju'leiʃən]

想一想再看

n. 人口 ,(全體)居民,人數

聯想記憶
specific [spi'sifik]

想一想再看

adj. 特殊的,明確的,具有特效的
n. 特

聯想記憶
participant [pɑ:'tisipənt]

想一想再看

n. 參與者

聯想記憶
analysis [ə'næləsis]

想一想再看

n. 分析,解析

聯想記憶
certain ['sə:tn]

想一想再看

adj. 確定的,必然的,特定的
pron.

 
technique [tek'ni:k]

想一想再看

n. 技術,技巧,技能

 
defined [di'faind]

想一想再看

adj. 有定義的,確定的;清晰的,輪廓分明的 v. 使

 
steep [sti:p]

想一想再看

adj. 陡峭的,險峻的,(價格)過高的
n.

聯想記憶
measure ['meʒə]

想一想再看

n. 措施,辦法,量度,尺寸
v. 測量,量

聯想記憶
?

新東方SAT網絡課程:試聽更多SAT網絡課程>>

發布評論我來說2句

    可可英語官方微信(微信號:ikekenet)

    每天向大家推送短小精悍的英語學習資料.

    添加方式1.掃描上方可可官方微信二維碼。
    添加方式2.搜索微信號ikekenet添加即可。